Grade 1 & 3 together boarded the bus to visit Bushy Hill, Ivoryton last week. They were also accompanied by Kindergarten who explored the wetlands and tidal pools at Bushy Hill. Grades 1 & 3 learned how dependent the Native Americans were on buffalos. They travelled with the buffalos on the American plains. They got to go inside a wigwam and a teepee. The wigwam was made out of the hide of 25-35 buffalos. The teepee were often decorated inside with pictures made of blood, berries, or fruit juices. They learned that the Native American who lived on the plains all had different tasks to do - the children up to age 8 assisted the women in the settlement by gathering wood, tanning leather and chopping food or berries/vegetation for medicines. At the age of about 12, each child had to go on a “quest". They left their village and spent time by themselves developing a skill. They learned to hunt or gained knowledge about the berries and vegetation that they might use to make medicines. After their quest, they were experienced enough to go hunting with the adults. The students had the opportunity to touch and see many of the hunting, eating and survival tools that the native Americans used - many of them from animal hide or animal body parts. They learned that all pieces of the animals were used for food, clothing and tools for survival. As the buffalo moved across the plains, so also did the Native Americans. The students saw examples over time how they killed the buffalo - first with bows and arrows, then with spears. Sometimes they would run herds of buffalo across a cliff and many would fall to their deaths. They often sang in the teepees and told stories of their culture.